Windpower Monthly rating 3.5/5
Our rating is based on a combination of project pipeline, political and policy support, investor confidence and structural readiness of the country in terms of grid infrastructure, permitting process and local supply chain.
Forecast of installed and operating wind power capacity based on the latest statisitics and measured against the Windpower Intelligence database.
The government is broadly supportive of renewable energy and has a target of reducing its nuclear capacity from the current 63GW to 50GW by 2030. A competitive tendering system for new onshore developments has now been established. The first 500MW of 3GW of new capacity was allocated in December 2017 with an average price of €65.40/MWh, 23% down on the €85/MWh awarded under the previous support mechanism.
Slow progress in the offshore sector, where construction work on six projects with 3GW of capacity has yet to begin, prompted the government to seek to renegotiate the tariffs, which were set at around €200/MWh. The draft amendment was rejected.
The Syndicat des Energies Renouvelables, the Association of renewable energies, is generally satisfied with the recent development in France and especially with the objectives or the Energy Transition Act. The market is active with many transactions ongoing, including green field and brown field and refinancing of existing projects.
Main concern remains the easiness with which judicial challenges can block a project and the relative complexity of the permitting process. There is no major problem regarding grid infrastructure, either capacity or third party access, which is effective and looked after by the regulator. The wind industry is strong and the industrial context is positive.
Many innovative projects are considered, such as marine renewable energy. Lenders are knowledgeable; investment funds are investing in green field projects or buying existing projects from developers.
After a period of zero growth, wind deployment is beginning to take off again in France's overseas territories, but will need to speed up further to achieve the government's 2030 target.
FRANCE: French engineering firm Ceteal claims its x-shaped concrete floating foundation offers significant manufacturing and operational advantages over other designs currently under development for the floating offshore wind sector.
FRANCE: Encouraged by the success of Hywind Scotland, the floating offshore wind sector is aiming to make policymakers take note and move on to build utility-scale projects. But supply-chain challenges need addressing for serial production to become viable
FRANCE: The country's first offshore wind turbine -- a 2MW Vestas unit mounted on Ideol's Floatgen floating platform -- is now in place and undergoing final tests off the coast of Brittany.
FRANCE: French utility EDF's next generation of nuclear reactors will work in cooperation with renewables, rather than as rivals, to drive down fossil-fuel generation.
France has committed to tendering up to two offshore wind projects annually and to ease the permitting hurdles facing the industry, the president has said.
The French government has launched a national public consultation for a 1GW wind farm in a 10,500km2 area off the Normandy coast, in order to identify its location and plan for other potential offshore projects.
MHI Vestas is in line to supply its 10MW turbine for a floating offshore wind project for the first time, having been named as preferred supplier for the Eoliennes Flottantes du Golfe du Lion (EFGL) wind farm off the south coast of France.
Royal Dutch Shell has agreed to acquire French floating offshore wind developer Eolfi, as the oil giant expands further into the sector.
France awarded power deals to 20 projects with a combined capacity of 576MW, as average prices inched up to €66.50/MWh in the country's fourth onshore wind tender.