Pointers for success with wind

Pros and cons are listed for Danish backed projects in India and Morocco. The emphasis lies on the involvement of the recipient countries. The cons are mainly too little local training, wrong timing and weak support.

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Two aid programmes for wind projects -- 20 MW backed by Danish aid agency, Danida, in India and a USAID water pumping project in Morocco -- are analysed in Rethinking Development Assistance for Renewable Electricity. In India, demonstration projects were large enough to interest both public and private stake holders, the report argues. Vital to their success was the use of progressively more locally made equipment in each successive year of the projects. Other successful factors were:

¥ involvement of national policy planners and utility officials;

¥ clear definition of objectives, such as separating R&D and demonstration;

¥ allocating enough resources for planning and appraisal; separation of implementation from appraisal by using different contractors;

¥ integration of projects with national power sector planning;

¥ provision of technical help for planning, implementation, and service;

¥ use of multiple local contractors for infrastructure construction, financed where possible by recipient;

¥ focus on a single technology;

¥ and focus on larger countries to maximise economies of scale.

In Morocco, a factor in the success of a USAID project was use of a local entrepreneur to service the water pumping project by Bergey Windpower. Problems, however, were encountered in Morocco as there was little local training, accountability or involvement. Also at issue was the technology's immaturity, the site's distance from the USAID-sponsored Centre de Development des Energies Renouvelables (CDER), set up to help commercialise renewables in the African country. And there was too little local management, weak technical support from CDER -- and the project was installed during the month-long Ramadan holiday.

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