United Kingdom

United Kingdom

Second best growth year ever

More new wind power went in the ground in Britain last year than at any time since 1993. Five wind power stations were installed with a combined installed capacity of 70.4 MW, plus a single 500 kW turbine. This brings total UK wind capacity up to 272 MW. In 1993, 93 MW was installed. The five projects were built by only two developers -- National Wind Power with three projects and Wind Prospect with two. All five have power purchase contracts under the latest round of government support -- the Non-Fossil Fuel Obligation (NFFO-3) in England and Wales and the Scottish Renewables Order (SRO-1).

The average size of wind farm, 14 MW, has increased dramatically compared with previous years. But this is due to two large National Wind Power schemes: Carno -- at 33.6 MW among Europe's largest, and Windy Standard -- 21.6 MW. The trend upwards is also reflected in turbine size. This has increased with the introduction into the UK of 600 kW turbines which were chosen for four projects.

In addition, the first NFFO-3 small band project was built in Gloucestershire. The single 500 kW turbine is German manufacturer Enercon's first foray into the UK market.

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