The "emerging strength of the clean energy industry" was one of the few hopeful signs at an otherwise stagnant inter-governmental meeting in August to negotiate a global climate change protocol, Greenpeace notes. Parties to the UN climate change convention in Bonn had agreed in 1995 to draw up a protocol under which developed countries would commit to reducing greenhouse gas emissions after 2000. The protocol is due to be adopted in December at the climate summit in Kyoto, Japan. Other observers remark that the draft protocol is riddled with loopholes and has "no real direction," reports ENDS Daily news service. Greenpeace warns that an "enormous amount of work remains" to be done before December, putting the principal blame for lack of progress on the US, which it says has been "paralysed" by its fossil fuel industry.