Europe should declare an immediate ban on all new wind plant, including those already permitted, according to a new pan-European association of organisations opposed to wind power. The European Platform Against Windfarms (EPAW) was founded in Paris in October under the presidency of Jean-Louis Butré, also president of the Fédération Environnement Durable (FED), a French umbrella group which has been behind much recent activity in the country seeking to block industrial-scale wind power plant. EPAW's aim is to "defend the interests of the numerous groups that are either fighting individual wind farm projects, or denouncing the ineffectiveness of wind farms for solving the problems of man and the planet, or fighting generally against their deleterious effects as regards people and their health, wildlife, landscapes, tourism, property values, quality of life, bush fires, erosion, water contamination and other ill effects on the environment." EPAW states that wind plant "devour colossal amounts of public funds to maintain an artificial market" and yet remain "economically non-viable." It refers to "scandalous personal fortunes to be built at the expense of taxpayers and consumers without any real ecological benefit." The group calls for "a reality check on the results of the EU policy by credible independent experts who should evaluate the "real level" of carbon emissions associated with wind power, conduct a financial audit of the industry and investigate the social and environmental impacts. It is unacceptable, EPAW says, that the EU promotes the "ruination of the European landscape, and its uniformisation into a brown zone by thousands of wind farms stretching from Lapland to Gibraltar." So far, around 150 organisations have signed up to EPAW: 92 from France, 22 from Britain, 12 from the Netherlands and the rest from Germany, Belgium, Spain, Switzerland and Norway.