Major league countries installing more than 1000 MW in 2005 were the US at 2400 MW, Germany at 1800 MW, Spain at 1765 MW and India just short of 1500 MW. But while Germany's increase was only 11%, Spain proved itself a consistent performer at 21% and India's was 49%. The top four are followed by six countries installing 350-500 MW a year headed by Portugal (96% growth) and followed by China (65%), Italy (36%), the UK (50%), France (97%) and Australia (96%). They are followed by eight countries that each installed more than 100 MW, four of them European. All eight are traditional markets with the exception of South Korea, which has shot from nowhere to 100 MW. Of these 18 top countries, ten had growth rates of around 50% or higher. The increasing number of stable markets will have a beneficial effect on the industry's erratic growth rates of the past.
Projects lined up for 2006 suggest another record breaking year: 14,000 MW is on the cards. Looking ahead, a just released report from Germany's Deutsches Wind Energie-Institut predicts global wind capacity at 132 GW by 2010 -- a 120% increase in just five years -- and 200 GW by 2015. Even that may be conservative, given that wind capacity doubled every three years from 1990 to 2005 -- and nearly all earlier growth estimates have been exceeded.
Offshore wind energy closed the year at about 670 MW, of which 400 MW is in Denmark and 200 MW in the UK. The only increase in 2005 was 90 MW in Britain. Other countries with offshore capacity are Sweden, the Netherlands and Ireland, while those with offshore plans are Germany, Norway, Finland, Spain, France, China, Japan, Canada and the United States. In Europe there are about 10,000 MW of offshore projects at various stages of the consenting process.