Sweden in still waters as yet

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After yet another year of stagnation offshore in 2003, Swedish wind power market players are confident that 2004 will be the year things start moving. Last month, a long-delayed 96-120 MW project from Eurowind was granted permission for 48 wind turbines to be erected at Lillgrund in Øresund, the narrow strait dividing Denmark and southern Sweden. Six years in progress so far, Eurowind's wind plant is not slated to be complete until autumn 2006, according to the company.

Other projects long in the works include Airicole's 90 MW Utgrunden 2 extension and Vindkompaniet's 44 MW Klasården plans. Both look likely to be approved and start building this year. Nordex and Göteborg Energi are hopeful to gain a permit for a 100-140 MW project 25 kilometres off the coast of Varberg in the Kattegat Sea.

Whether any of this will happen is dependent upon the outcome of the government's planned revision of the green electricity certificates system, which is expected to be announced later this month page (80), and the level of capital grants for offshore wind development. The grants should have been made last year, but may now be available by summer, says Mattias Rapp of developer Windforce Svenska.


Meanwhile, the Swedish energy board has suggested that 60% of the targeted 10 TWh from offshore wind plant by 2010 should be built outside Swedish territorial waters. The proposal has the wind sector worried, since the push farther offshore will increase development costs. Discussions are also ongoing with the navy regarding its concerns that offshore wind plant will increase the risk of shipping accidents.

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