The International Energy Agency (IEA), based in Paris, has released its 1997 edition of Energy Policies of IEA Countries. The publication contains a detailed analysis of energy policies in the IEA's 24 member countries. The report finds an increase in carbon dioxide emissions along with growth in energy demand in most cases, except where nuclear capacity grew rapidly. Moreover, all IEA countries have been in the process of applying regulatory reform in the electricity sector. In the natural gas sector, competition is moving ahead in a number of countries. Each year the IEA reviews key changes in the energy policies of its member countries and reports on recent developments on the international energy scene. An in-depth peer review, carried out every four years for each country, has over the years contributed significantly to effective co-operation among IEA member countries in the energy field, the IEA reports.