Shell advances hydrogen plan with Eneco deal

Oil and gas major Shell and Dutch utility Eneco aim to use output from the zero-subsidy Hollandse Kust Noord offshore wind farm to produce hydrogen near the Port of Rotterdam.

Shell and Eneco plan to build a 200MW hydrogen plant in the Port of Rotterdam, above (pic credit: Port of Rotterdam)
Shell and Eneco plan to build a 200MW hydrogen plant in the Port of Rotterdam, above (pic credit: Port of Rotterdam)

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Through their Crosswind joint venture, the partners jointly submitted a bid for the Dutch wind farm in a zero-subsidy tender at the end of April. 

If successful, Shell and Eneco would use the output from the 759MW Hollandse Kust Noord to power a 200MW hydrogen plant in Tweede Maasvlakte.

The electrolysis plant would be part of a larger 2GW energy conversion park in the Port of Rotterdam.

The partners hope to commission the wind farm in 2023 but have not yet taken a final investment decision on the hydrogen plant.

Shell is aiming to produce about 50-60 tonnes of hydrogen per day through the Dutch site.

At the upper limit, this would create about 21,900 tonnes annually — about 2.7% of the Netherlands’ current hydrogen production total, according to the Netherlands Organisation for Applied Scientific Research thinktank.

Marjan van Loon, president-director of Shell Nederland explained the Rotterdam hydrogen plant would be a “stepping stone” for the recently announced NortH2 consortium, comprising Shell, gas grid operator Gasunie and port authority Groningen Seaports. 

The consortium aims to have 3-4GW of new offshore wind capacity dedicated to green hydrogen production by 2030, before scaling up to 10GW of offshore wind powering around 4GW of electrolysis by 2040.


The auction for Hollandse Kust Noord attracted several subsidy-free bids, according to the Netherlands Enterprise Agency (RVO) regulator.

It expects to announce the winner of the permit to build the 700MW-plus Hollandse Kust Noord by the end of July.

Vattenfall — which had previously secured the rights to develop two zero-subsidy Dutch offshore projects — pulled out of the tender so it could focus on shielding itself against the coronavirus pandemic

Rival developer Ørsted did bid

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