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Our rating is based on a combination of project pipeline, political and policy support, investor confidence and structural readiness of the country in terms of grid infrastructure, permitting process and local supply chain.

Estimate of installed and operating wind power capacity based on the latest statisitics and measured against the Windpower Intelligence database.

A long-awaited revision of 2016 Polish legislation introducing a punitive tax regime for wind farm developers has produced positive results, as onshore wind dominated a joint-technology auction in late 2019.

Projects totalling over 2.2GW sealed 15-year contracts for difference. The bids averaged at PLN 208/MWh, below the wholesale price of electricity at the time the winners were announced.

In a country dominated by coal, WindEurope has been keen to point out that new onshore wind projects are cheaper than new coal and nuclear, and should play a major role in meeting Poland's rising energy demand.

Prohibitive distance requirements from homes, however — under current rules wind farms must be located at least ten times the height of the turbines from residential dwellings — are still in place, although the Polish government has hinted at a change.

A draft offshore wind act, in January 2020, indicated the government could auction off more than 10GW of capacity in the Polish Baltic Sea by 2028, with up to 4.6GW to be selected by Poland's energy regulator by the end of 2022 and 5.5GW of further capacity to be competitively auctioned across at least three tenders between 2023 and 2028.

A handful of large offshore wind projects are planned but still in the early stages of development.

Grid infrastructure has been improving, but more needs to be done.

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