Romanian 1GW could help Netherlands reach targets

ROMANIA: A consortium of "four European entrepreneurs" are appealing to the Netherlands to co-fund three wind farms with a capacity of about 1GW.

Romania's largest wind farm is currently the 600MW Fântânele-Cogealac (pic: Sandri Alexandra)

Nero Renewables aims to build the Vis-Viva, Adamclisi, and Deleni projects in southwest Romania by the end of 2020, with the output counting towards the Netherlands’ target of meeting 14% of its energy needs with renewable sources.

Last month, the Dutch government stated the country was likely to miss this target by 1.6%.

But Nero believe the Netherlands could reduce this deficit by about 30% by co-funding three 100-plus-turbine sites in Romania under the EU’s Renewable Energy Directive.

The Vis-Viva project would be located near Buzau and comprise 120 turbines of between 4MW and 4.5MW, Nero Renewables told Windpower Monthly.

The Adamclisi and Deleni wind farms would be located Constanta and would each feature 121 turbines of between 2 and 2.5MW.

Nero's projects are fully developed and permitted — including grid connection — and the group is looking to complete the building permit process after choosing the turbines.

Currently Vestas, Siemens Gamesa, Enercon, Senvion and GE are being tendered as potential suppliers for the projects, Nero added.

Output from the projects would initially be transmitted into the Romanian national grid. But after Romania joins the integrated single electricity market (ISEM) — through which electricity can be freely traded by European Union (EU) member states — from 1 July, 2018, the output could be sold anywhere in the EU.

The output would count toward the Dutch renewable energy target of 14% by 2020, if the Netherlands co-funded the project, under the Renewable Energy Directive.

The EU has a goal of sourcing 20% of its energy needs from renewable sources by 2020, and under the Renewable Energy Directive, each member state also sets its own individual target.

While the Netherlands is due to miss its 14% target, Romania, which has more than 3GW of installed wind capacity, according to Windpower Intelligence, the research and data division of Windpower Monthly, is expected to exceed its goal of 20% renewables by 2020.

The directive also has three mechanisms — statistical transfer, joint project and joint support scheme — whereby countries can transfer energy between one another to help meet their targets.

Last month Luxembourg signed separate deals with Estonia and Lithuania under the EU directive for statistical transfers of renewable energy, whereby an amount of renewable energy is deducted from one country’s progress towards its target and added to another’s.