Analysis: China renews overseas push

CHINA: The most capacity was installed in 2014 after a difficult 2013. The country's developers also seem to have resumed plans to push beyond home borders.

In Pakistan, Goldwind completed the installation of 33 GW77/1500 turbines for the Three Gorges First (TGF) projecct. The 49.5MW TGF wind farm, located in southern Pakistan, was developed by the China Three Gorges Corporation, via a subsidiary company it set up in Pakistan.

Goldwind has been contracted to supply turbines and maintain the facility for two years. The Goldwind 1.5MW machine is modified to suit the high temperature climate conditions.

The TGF wind project is the first developed by a Chinese company in Pakistan. Construction work took 18 months. It required an investment of $130 million.

In terms of international development, Goldwind has been the most prolific Chinese manufacturer. In has installed projects in Latin America, the US, Thailand and Ethiopia.

Dongfang in Europe

In Europe, Dongfang has shipped four 2.5MW turbines to the port of Skelleftea, Sweden, to be installed at the Blaiken wind farm in the north of the country.

The Blaiken phase 3 project plans to use 30 2.5MW permanent-magnet direct drive turbines manufactured by Dongfang in Hangzhou, east China.

Dongfang is required to install and test-run the first machines. The remaining machines will be delivered later this year.


Separately, Longyuan Power has received financing from Nedbank and IDC for two projects in South Africa with a combined capacity of 244MW.

Longyuan won the De Aar phase 1 and 2 projects (100MW and 144MW respectively) in a tender in October 2013. Despite being one of the world's largest developers, this is only the second time Longyuan has developed a project outside of China. The other is the 100MW Dufferin project in Canada.

An engineering management firm Longyuan set up in South Africa is in charge of the projects as an EPC general contractor. The projects (100MW and 144MW respectively) will use 1.5MW turbines provided by Guodian United Power.

The projects will be located in Northern Cape province and are being jointly developed by Longyuan, South Africa's Mulilo Renewable Energy and a local community company.

Construction work is expected to begin in the second half of this year.

Longyuan Power and United Power are both affiliated with China Guodian Group, the fourth largest state-owned utility company in China.

Guodian has a number of subsidiaries engaged in renewable power development. By the end of 2014 Guodian's installed wind capacity totalled around 20GW, of which about 15.7GW is credited to Longyuan.

Statistics released by the China Wind Energy Association show United Power supplied 2.6GW of wind turbines to domestic developers in 2014, representing a market share of 11.14%.

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