The research project will look at atmospheric processes that create wind in "mountain-valley regions".
According to the DoE, the money would allow environmental measurement firm Vaisala to use its meteorological systems to monitor wind flow patterns in the Columbia River Gorge region of Washington and Oregon in the northwest US.
The data collected will be used to help develop the weather research and forecasting model.
DoE said with better forecasts, project operators can ensure the turbines are working at the highest capacity.
Predicting the wind conditions in the mountain-valley regions of the US is a big challenge due to differing environmental factors.