And, according to the Czech wind energy association, CSVE, the NREAP does not include a summary of measures to simplify and make more transparent the permitting processes that significantly burden and delay wind project development at the moment. In 2010, just 92MW of projects entered environmental impact assessment procedures, with only 6MW given the green light. In 2009, 600MW had entered the approval system, including a single project of up to 280MW, and yet just 33MW received approval, according to CSVE. The small amount of approvals does not bode well for sustaining the required average 50MW new capacity each year.
The association says the NREAP target should be a minimum but believes the Czech government is interpreting it as a maximum. It cites comment from the trade and industry ministry stating that renewable energy support is primarily aimed at meeting the NREAP objectives. Beyond that, renewables developments are not limited in any way, "but merely lose the title to support".
Indeed, a draft act on support for renewable energies to replace the existing Renewables Electricity Act, in force since 2005, looks unpromising. The plan under discussion is to abolish feed-in tariffs for wind plants exceeding 100kW, continuing only with current green bonus system, says CSVE. The green bonus is offered as an alternative to fixed feed-in tariffs, but is so unattractive that wind companies do not use it.
The revised Renewables Electricity Act is expected to be passed by parliament this year.