In Germany, offshore wind developer Enova has teamed up with large regional energy company EWE to found a joint venture, named Offshore Windpark Riffgat, for implementation of the 44 turbine Riffgat project. The turbines are to be sited 15 kilometres north of the island of Borkum, within the German 12 nautical mile zone. Permitting is not yet complete, but commissioning of Riffgat, budgeted at EUR 480 million, is scheduled for the end of 2012. EWE has been involved in development of the project since 2004. Enova says further project partners are to be brought on board. Riffgat will be the second offshore project for EWE, following the 60 MW Alpha Ventus offshore test station to be built next year in partnership with energy majors E.ON and Vattenfall at a total cost of some EUR 180 million. EWE already has about 70 MW of onshore wind capacity under its belt. Enova installed the first German near-shore wind turbine back in 2004, an Enercon 4.5 MW turbine sited in the Ems estuary near Emden. Enova, EWE and Enercon are partners in this project.