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Windicator: Asia Pacific installed twice as much as Europe in 2014

WORLDWIDE: Windpower Monthly forecasts worldwide wind capacity at the end of 2014 at 337GW. During the last year 33GW was installed -- slightly less than the amount installed in 2013, and significantly less than earlier forecasts that suggested up to 45GW would be added in 2014.

The growth rate for 2014 reached 11%, lower than the compound annual growth rate of 18% for the years 2010-2014, but an indication that the industry continues to grow rapidly.

Between the years 2000 and 2010, the compound annual rate of growth was 25%, growing from 17.7GW wind-energy capacity in the world to 191GW. Such a high growth rate was unsustainable and the increases have declined since that time.

The electricity-generating capability of today's 337GW of wind is around 738TWh per annum. That is more than the annual electricity requirements of Canada and roughly double the consumption in the UK.

Top performer

The strongest-performing region in 2014, in terms of added megawatts, was Asia-Pacific, with China leading the way and installing a further 14GW, or 19%. The rate of growth there shows no signs of slowing, and is likely to continue as the industry gains confidence and competitiveness improves. North America, as a whole, added a disappointing 8%, with a poor performance from the US. However, the American Wind Energy Association reported that 13.6GW was under construction at the end of September, so progress may accelerate in 2015. Canada was the bright spot in North America, increasing its capacity by 17%.

Political climate

Progress in Europe has slowed, adding just under 8GW, which is less than a quarter of the total additions globally. Germany is still the star performer, but its additional capacity of 2GW falls far short of the figures realised a few years ago. However, the political climate remains positive. The situation in the UK, which recorded the second-highest European capacity addition in 2014, is more complex, with the ruling party facing an election and some of its members opposing wind energy. Progress in Spain has been very sluggish since government support was scaled back, and a mere 39MW was installed last year.

Overall, the political climate remains favourable to renewable energy, strengthened by recent data that suggests that 2014 is on course to be one of the warmest years on record, according to the World Meteorological Organisation and the UK Met Office. Preparations for the 2015 climate change summit have now begun and this is likely to yield positive results.

Future prospects

There is a good consensus between projections of future growth from a number of authorities, including the Global Wind Energy Council, the World Wind Energy Association and the International Energy Agency. All suggest that 500GW will be reached by 2020 and 1,000GW by 2025, or shortly after. Windpower Monthly's data and research division Windpower Intelligence shows a similar trend.

As the industry is continuing to innovate, generation costs are expected to continue falling. Wind's low carbon credentials and low risk profile should ensure that it remains an attractive choice for electricity generation.

Although the price of oil fell significantly during 2014, this has not yet had a significant impact on anticipated future prices of natural gas in the US or in Europe. The US Department of Energy suggests natural gas prices for electricity generation will move slowly upwards (by about 10%) during the next ten years, and so the competitive position of wind relative to gas is likely to improve during that period.

The quarterly Windicator is an indicator of the state of play. Changes in the table can be corrections received rather than additions or subtractions. We welcome corrections.

View the table here

Global wind power capacity (MW) October 2014

 Start 2014 onshore / offshoreStart 2015 onshore/offshoreExtra MWChange %
EUROPE



Germany 33,730 / 520 35,338 / 922 2,010 6
Spain 22,954 / 5 22,993 / 5 39 0
UK 6,878 / 3,653 7,704 / 4,649 1,822 17
France 8,254 / - 8,783 / - 529 6
Italy 8,551 / - 8,654 / - 103 1
Portugal 4,722 / 2 4,875 / 2 153 3
Denmark 3,501 / 1,271 3,602 / 1,271 101 2
Sweden 4,258 / 212 4,615 / 212 357 8
Turkey 2,958 / - 3,866 / - 908 31
Poland 3,390 / - 3,658 / - 357 8
Romania 2,600 / - 3,087 / - 487 19
Netherlands 2,446 / 247 2,456 / 247 10 0
Ireland 2,012 / 25 2,238 / 25 226 11
Austria 1,684 / - 2,096 / - 412 24
Greece 1,865 / - 1,903 / - 38 2
Belgium 1,161 / 490 1,161 / 706 216 13
Norway 766 / 2 824 / 2 58 8
Bulgaria 680 / - 680 / - 0 0
Finland 416 / 32 434 / 32 18 4
Ukraine 371 / - 417 / - 46 12
Croatia 302 / - 346 / - 44 15
Hungary 329 / - 329 / - 0 0
Estonia 280 / - 283 / - 3 1
Lithuania 279 / - 279 / - 0 0
Czech Republic 268 / - 268 / - 0 0
Cyprus 147 / - 147 / - 0 0
Latvia 62 / - 62 / - 0 0
Switzerland 60 / - 60 / - 0 0
Luxembourg 58 / - 58 / - 0 0
Others (1) 31 / - 31 / - 0 0
TOTAL 115,013 / 6,460 121,248 / 8,073 7,848 6





MIDDLE EAST/AFRICA



Morocco 495 / - 795 / - 300 61
Egypt 550 / - 550 / - 0 0
South Africa 10 / - 467 / - 457 4,570
Ethiopia 171 / - 324 / - 153 89
Iran 120 / - 140 / - 20 17
Tunisia 104 / - 104 / - 0 0
Others (2) 66 / - 82 / - 16 293
TOTAL 1,516 / - 2,462 / - 946 62





ASIA PACIFIC



China 75,155 / 325 89,447 / 331
14,298 19
India 20,150 / - 21,798 / - 1,648 8
Australia 3,239 / - 3,747 / - 508 16
Japan 2,661 / 21 2,733 / 21 72 3
New Zealand 623 / - 683 / - 60 10
Taiwan 614 / - 614 / - 0 0
South Korea 561 / - 561 / -
0 0
Philippines 33 / - 318 / - 285 864
Thailand 223 / - 223 / - 0 0
Pakistan 106 / - 106 / - 0 0
Vietnam 52 / 16 52 / 16 0 0
Sri Lanka 63 / - 63 / - 0 0
Others (3) 51 / - 51 / - 0 0
TOTAL 103,531 / 362 120,362 / 368 16,871 16





LATIN AMERICA



Brazil 3,461 / - 4,826 / - 1,365 39
Mexico 1,917 / - 2,487 / - 570 30
Chile 335 / - 790 / - 455 136
Argentina 218 / - 243 / - 25 11
Costa Rica 148 / - 198 / - 50 34
Nicaragua 146 / - 186 / - 40 27
Peru 1 / - 147 / - 146 14,600
Uruguay 59 / - 109 / - 50 85
Honduras 102 / - 102 / - 0 0
Dominican Republic 85 / - 85 / - 0 0
Jamaica 42 / - 42 / - 0 0
Others (4) 64 / - 84 / - 20 31
TOTAL 6,578 / - 9,299 / - 2,721 41





NORTH AMERICA



Texas 12,355 / - 13,857 / - 1,502 12
California 5,830 / - 5,990 / - 160 3
Iowa 5,178 / - 5,378 / - 200 4
Illinois 3,568 / - 3,568 / - 0 0
Minnesota 3,176 / - 3,376 / - 200 6
Oklahoma 3,134 / - 3,284/ - 150 5
Kansas 2,967 / - 3,171 / - 204 7
Oregon 3,153 / - 3,153 / - 0 0
Washington 2,808 / - 3,075 / - 267 10
Colorado 2,332 / - 2,392 / - 60 3
New York 1,722 / - 1,833 / - 111 6
Indiana 1,544 / - 1,794 / - 250 16
North Dakota 1,681 / - 1,681 / - 0 0
Michigan 1,163 / - 1,438 / - 275 24
Wyoming 1,410 / - 1,410 / - 0 0
Pennsylvania 1,340 / - 1,340 / - 0 0
Idaho 973 / - 973 / - 0 0
Nebraska 534 / - 810 / - 276 52
New Mexico 778 / - 798 / - 20 3
South Dakota 783 / - 783 / - 0 0
West Virginia 583 / - 744 / - 161 28
Wisconsin 648 / - 648 / - 0 0
Montana 459 / - 479 / - 20 4
Missouri 459 / - 459 / - 0 0
Maine 431 / - 431 / - 0 0
Ohio 428 / - 428 / - 0 0
Utah 325 / - 325 / - 0 0
Arizona 238 / - 238 / - 0 0
Hawaii 206 / - 206 / - 0 0
New Hampshire 171 / - 171 / - 0 0
Nevada 152 / - 152 / - 0 0
Puerto Rico 125 / - 125 / - 0 0
Maryland 120 / - 120 / - 0 0
Vermont 119 / - 119 / - 0 0
Massachusetts 106 / - 106 / - 0 0
Alaska 62 / - 62 / - 0 0
Tennessee 29 / - 29 / - 0 0
New Jersey 9 / - 9 / - 0 0
Rhode Island 9 / - 9 / - 0 0
Delaware 2 / - 2 / - 0 0
United States 61,110 / - 64,996 / - 3,856 6
Canada 7,803 / - 9,151 / - 1,348 17
TOTAL 68,913 / - 74,117 / - 5,204 8





WORLD 295,550 / 6,822 327,522 / 8,441 33,590 11
Data supplied by  Windpower Intelligence
Others includes countries with less than 40MW online individually
1 Russia, the Faroe Islands, Belarus, Slovakia, Slovenia and Iceland
2 Cape Verde, Reunion, the Seychelles, Israel, Kenya, Mauritania, Jordan and Mauritius
3 New Caledonia, the Pacific Islands and Bangladesh
4 Guadeloupe, Colombia, Ecuador, Cuba, Bolivia, the Falkand Islands and Martinique

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