The figures from the Department of Energy and Climate Change (Decc) show that 310 proposals for onshore wind were rejected in 2013 compared with 436 approved proposals. This means 41.6% of proposals were rejected.
In comparison, 2009 saw 38 projects refused out of 143 (26.5%). While 1.687GW of projects was rejected in 2013, 1.667GMW was approved.
The figures were revealed by Decc following questions in the House of Commons to junior energy minister Greg Barker over the number of onshore refusals in recent years.
The increase in refusals follows a number of onshore wind-related planning decisions by Eric Pickles, the secretary of state for communities and local government.
In April, Pickles increased the amount of time he can personally rule on appeals against decisions to block onshore wind farms.
Pickles' party, the Conservatives, have pledged to end subsidies for onshore wind project if they win the 2015 General Election outright. Currently, the Conservative Party is in a coalition government with the Liberal Democrat Party.