In 2013 Denmark added 610MW of new installed capacity, 349MW of which was offshore. The country's cumulative capacity at the end of 2013 stood at 4.77GW with an onshore/offshore split of 3,501MW and 1,271MW respectively.
Dong Energy's 400MW Anholt offshore wind farm, using 3.6MW Siemens turbines, was the biggest project to reach completion last year. No new offshore developments are expected to reach fruition over the next two years, but progress should pick up quickly in the second half of the decade with up to 1.5GW of new offshore wind scheduled for installation by 2020.
Oiland hydro-rich Norway has a growing interest in wind power. At the end of 2013 it had 766MW in total, adding 62MW through the year, all of which came from the second phase of the 110MW Midtfjellet wind farm on the island of Stord, using the low-wind Nordex N117/2400 turbine.
Norway's wind energy association anticipates around 90MW being installed during 2014. But wind power is expected to grow rapidly in the years following as a result of the country joining Sweden's green certificate scheme, which obliges energy providers to source a percentage of their energy from renewables. The association is predicting 2.5-3GW of new wind power to be added by the end of the decade.
Finland added 160MW to its wind portfolio in 2013, all of it onshore, for a cumulative capacity of 448MW. The country's wind energy association predicts 170-200MW to be installed in 2014, most of it on relatively small (below 30MW) projects. Nordex's low-wind turbines are proving the most popular among Finland's wind developers.
Progress offshore has been slower. Finland has 24MW installed on an artificial island, plus Statoil's 2MW Hywind floating pilot. The support mechanism for offshore wind provides EUR83.5/MWh over 12 years. However, the Finnish Wind Energy Association says there is more than 11GW of projects for which companies have either applied for approval or have committed to develop in the future, of which 3GW is offshore.