However, winds were well above normal across southern Europe and northern Africa, as well as in southern Africa, eastern Australia, and most of South America.
The largest wind speed anomalies of the quarter, both positive and negative, were found in Europe and northern Africa, a pattern that AWS believes can be explained in part by the Arctic Oscillation (AO).
The AO index was negative throughout the quarter and strongly negative in March. A negative AO is often associated with a more southerly European winter storm track than usual, bringing much higher than average winds to the Mediterranean, while depressing winds in northern Europe
AWS has released a redesigned and expanded version of its Wind Trends Bulletin, a free quarterly report that examines deviations in global wind conditions from historical norms. The new bulletin has expanded from Europe, India and North America to include South America, Africa and the Middle East, Asia, and Oceania.