The figure is modest compared with other global wind markets but shows how targets, policy and, perhaps most importantly, incentive mechanisms are helping to facilitate investment in wind.
Thailand is targeting 1.2GW of installed wind capacity by 2021 under its alternative energy development plan. The country's 7MW installed capacity was considerably boosted in late 2012, when the 104MW Korat wind farm came online in the central province of Nakhon Ratchasima. Thai developer Wind Energy Holding is working on a second phase of the same size, due to be operational by the second quarter of this year. Siemens supplied the turbines for both phases.
Chin's Goldwind also entered Thailand, with a contract to supply Thai independent power producer Electricity Generating Public Company with three low-wind turbines for the Theppana wind farm in Chaiyaphum province, to be completed later this year.
The Thai government subsidises wind power by supplementing the standard electricity tariff with THB 4.5/kWh ($0.15/kWh) for projects under 50MW and THB 3.5/kWh for larger projects.
Since 2010, operational wind capacity in the Philippines has remained at 33MW. However, in mid-2012 the state-run Energy Regulatory Commission (ERC) finally approved feed-in tariff (FIT) rates for wind, biomass, solar and hydroelectric. The wind FIT is PHP 8.53/kWh ($0.21/kWh). Implementing FIT rates should start to get the Philippines wind industry moving. The government is targeting 200MW of wind between 2013 and 2015, although the earliest project will be completed in mid-2014.
In 2012, Taiwan installed 57MW of new capacity, all onshore. It is making progress offshore too, and in mid-2012 its economy ministry announced an incentive programme for offshore wind demonstration projects.
Under the programme, the government will subsidise 50% of the capital expenditure for the installation of four demonstration turbines. An additional $8.3 million will subsidise two demonstration offshore wind farms, one of which will be developed by a consortium led by Taiwan Generations Corporation.
Vietnam has a target of 1GW wind by 2020 and 6.2GW by 2030. A FIT rate of VND 1,614/kWh ($0.08/kWh) was introduced in 2011. But only 6MW came online last year, taking the total to 36MW. In December, the first phase of the Bac Lieu wind farm was due to be completed by developer Cong Ly Construction and Trading Company.
The project is classed as offshore wind as it is located in a part of the Mekong Delta that is prone to seasonal flooding. GE supplied ten 1.6MW turbines.
Many local firms are now developing wind projects, including PetroVietnam Power Corporation, which developed the 6MW Phu Quy onshore wind farm in Binh Thuan province, which came online in January.