Governments have flexibility in delivering their 2020 overall targets for renewable energy and so the targets are, strictly speaking, aspirations rather than targets.
While Ireland and Denmark continue to take top spots for percentage achievements and aims, Spain is the country furthest advanced towards reaching its own 2020 target of 21% of wind power on the network, having reached 17% last year. At the other end of the spectrum, Finland and the UK are progressing slowly, delivering only a small portion of their 2020 targets in 2011. For the EU as a whole, the target is to provide 13.5% of electricity from wind power by 2020, with the amount delivered last year being estimated at 5.5%.
The good news for the EU countries with a steep climb between now and 2020 is that the percentage targets were calculated assuming that total electricity consumption in 2020 will be as quoted in the National Renewable Energy Plans (NREAPs). Yet, the economic downturn may reduce electricity demand, making these aspirational targets slightly easier to achieve.