There is a buzz in Croatia, the only country in the Balkans with functioning wind power plants. A number of new wind projects are underway, some due online this year, which will increase the current installed wind capacity of 27MW - unchanged from 2009. These projects will benefit from Croatia's reasonably high feed-in tariff of HRK 0.708/kWh (EUR0.10/kWh), which is valid for 12 years.
Local business Tudic Elektrocentar and an unidentified Indian partner are developing the 10.5MW Crno Brdo wind farm near Sibenik, with turbines provided by Austria's Leitwind. Completion is expected this year. Tudic is also working on the 23MW Glunca wind farm near Boraja, deploying Siemens turbines. This project is scheduled for completion within months.
The 9.2MW Velika Popina wind farm near Gracac, being developed by engineering firm Dalekovod and renewables and environment firm EKO Murtela, is also due for completion later this year. And a licence has been issued to wind developer RP CSE for a 90MW wind project at three locations near Sibenik, with the first stage of 43MW scheduled for completion this year.
Koncar Elektroindustrija, a division of the Croatian Koncar wind turbine manufacturing company, is developing the 17.5MW Pometeno Brdo wind farm near Split, due for production in 2012.
In Macedonia, Korea's engineering firm Samsung Heavy Industries and firm Kosep, together with Spanish engineering firm Invall, are building a 100MW wind farm, due for completion by the end of 2012. Local utility Elem will build the 45MW Bogdanci wind farm, also due to complete next year. Macedonia's feed-in tariff for wind energy is EUR0.089/kWh.
The issuance of wind project licences is kick-starting progress in Montenegro. Ivicom Consulting of Austria and Japan's Mitsubishi Heavy Industries will develop a 50MW Krnovo Wind Park near Niksic. A second licence has been awarded to renewable firm Fersa Energias Renovables of Spain and local construction firm Celebic for the 46MW Mozura wind farm between Ulcinj and Bar. The project will be completed by end-2012.
Bosnia & Herzegovina
A total of six wind farms are to be built in Bosnia by 2018. Elektroprivreda BiH received a concession for the 46MW Podvelezje wind farm in January. The first 4MW of generation will be operational by September, while the whole project should be completed in 2012.
Also licensed is Elektroprivreda HZHB's 44MW Mesihovina wind farm near Tomislavgrad. The project is currently scheduled for construction in 2013.
Serbia, with a 12-year EUR0.095/kWh feed-in-tariff for wind, has licences issued for 1.39GW of wind. However, only 450MW will benefit from pricing incentives based on the "first-past-the-post" system.